A message from Dr. David Gaines. (2.2mg)
In 1999, West Nile virus (WNV) was first documented in the United States during an outbreak of meningitis and encephalitis in NYC. Since its introduction, it became established throughout much of the United States, and has spread into Canada and Mexico.
WNV is a mosquito-borne disease that is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. An estimated 80% of people infected with the virus show no symptoms. Approximately 20% of infections cause a clinical presentation known as West Nile Virus fever, which is characterized by an acute onset of fever, and can be accompanied by, but not limited to, headache, muscle aches, fatigue and joint pain.
One in 150 people infected with WNV will go on to develop severe symptoms, which can include fever, headache, stiff neck, disorientation or confusion, vision loss, seizures, and paralysis. In some cases, the neurological effects of WNV infection can be permanent. There is no treatment available for WNV. Treatment for severe cases consists of supportive care. The best defense against WNV is to protect yourself from biting mosquitoes and to eliminate mosquito breeding areas.
How to eliminate mosquito breeding areas:
How to protect yourself from mosquitoes that bite:
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