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Rules and Regulations Governing Campgrounds


12 VAC 5-450-10 - Definitions

For the purpose of this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings respectively indicated unless another meaning is clearly intended or required by the context.

Approved - means a procedure of operation or construction which is in accordance with the standards established by the Virginia Department of Health, or which is acceptable to the Health Commissioner based on his determination as to the conformance with appropriate standards and good public health practice.

Campgrounds - means and includes, but is not limited to tourist camps, travel trailer camps, recreation camps, family campgrounds, camping resorts, camping communities or any other area, place, parcel or tract of land, by whatever name called, on which three or more campsites are occupied or intended for occupancy, or facilities are established or maintained, wholly or in part, for the accommodation of camping units for periods of overnight or longer, whether the use of the campsites and/or facilities is granted gratuitously, by a rental fee, by lease, by conditional sale or by convenants, restrictions and easements. This definition is not intended to include summer camps, and migrant labor camps as defined in §§ 35.1-16 and 32.1-203 of the Code of Virginia, construction camps, permanent mobile home parks, or storage areas for unoccupied camping units, or property upon which the individual owner may choose to camp and not be prohibited or encumbered by covenants, restrictions and conditions from providing his sanitary facilities within his property lines.

Camping unit - means and includes tents, tent trailers, travel trailers, camping trailers, pick-up campers, motor homes or any other device or vehicular-type structure as may be developed marketed and used by the camping trade for use as temporary living quarters or shelter during periods of recreation, vacation, leisure time, or travel.

Campsite - means and includes any plot of ground within a campground used or intended for the exclusive occupation by a camping unit or units under the control of a camper.

Emergency - means a condition that in the exercise of the sound discretion of the Health Commissioner is found deleterious to the public health, safety and welfare and requires immediate action.

Health Commissioner - means the chief executive officer of the State Board of Health or his authorized agent.

Independent camping unit - means a unit which contains a water- flushed toilet, lavatory and shower as an integral part of the structure, and which requires an on-site sewer connection due to the absence of a waste holding tank on the unit.

Non-self-contained camping unit - means a unit, which is dependent upon a service building for toilet and lavatory facilities.

Outdoor bathing facilities - means lakes, ponds, rivers, tidal waters, impoundments, beaches, streams or other places, whether natural or man-made, in which an area is held out for swimming or bathing purposes.

Overflow area - means a plot of ground in or adjacent to the campground set apart for accommodating those campers for whom no designated sites are available in the general geographical area, and which is subject to certain restrictions as to size, length of stay, temporary facilities, etc.

Overnight - means the occupation of a camping unit as a temporary habitation between the hours of 7 p.m. and 7 a.m., or major portion thereof.

Permit - means a written permit issued by the Health Commissioner authorizing a designated person to operate a specific camping place.

Person - means and include any individual or group of individuals, partnership, firm, private or public association or corporation, state, county, city, town, or anyone who by convenant, restriction or agreement has care, control, custody or management of property or parts thereof, or any combination of the above or other legal entity.

Primitive camps - means camps which are characterized by the absence of what is generally understood as modern conveniences such as water- flushed toilets, showers and electrical connections. A campground shall be classified as a primitive camp when half or more of the required number of toilet seats are nonflush type.

Self-contained camping unit - means a unit, which contains a water-flushed toilet, lavatory, shower and kitchen sink, all of which are connected, as an integral part of the structure, to water storage and sewage holding tanks located within the unit.

Service building - means a structure housing toilet, showers or lavatories.

Sewage - means the human excrement from service buildings, sanitary stations, camping units or other places together with such kitchen, laundry or shower wastes as may be present.

Swimming pool - means any swimming, wading or spray pool, including all appurtenant equipment, structures and facilities provided for the use of the campers.

12 VAC 5-450-20 - Local requirements

In addition to the requirements of this chapter, all applicable local ordinances, including plumbing, building, electrical and zoning ordinances shall also apply in the construction, maintenance and operation of all campgrounds.

12 VAC 5-450-30 - Approval of plans required

1.) In order to insure the provision of adequate, properly designed sanitation facilities at campgrounds, any person planning construction, major alteration or extensive addition to any campground shall, prior to the initiation of any such construction, submit to the Health Commissioner, through the local health department in the county in which the proposed project is located, complete plans or statements which show the following:

a.) The proposed method and location of sewage disposal system.

b.) The proposed sources and location of the water supply.

c.) The number, location and dimensions of all campsites.

d.) The number, description and location of proposed sanitary facilities such as toilets, dump stations, sewer lines, etc.

e.) Name and address of applicant.

f.) Location, boundaries and dimensions of the proposed project.

g.) Such other pertinent information as the Health Commissioner may deem necessary.

2.) When, upon review of the plans, the Health Commissioner is satisfied that the proposed plans, if executed, will meet the requirements of this regulation and other pertinent laws and regulations designed to protect the public health, written approval shall be issued.

3.) When upon review of the plans, the Health Commissioner determines that the proposed plans preclude a safe, sanitary operation, the plans shall be disapproved and the applicant shall be notified of any deficiency in the plans that constitute the basis for disapproval.

4.) No person shall begin construction, major alteration or addition to a campground until written approval has been granted by the Health Commissioner.

5.) If construction is not begun within one year from the date of the approval of the plans, such approval shall be considered null and void.

6.) All construction, reconstruction or alteration shall be done in accordance with and limited to work covered by the plans and recorded changes, which have been approved by the Health Commissioner.

7.) Any person whose plans have been disapproved may request and shall be granted a hearing on the matter under the procedure provided by 12 VAC 5-450-60.

12 VAC 5-450-40 - Permits

1.) No person or persons, directly or indirectly shall conduct, control, manage, operate, or maintain a campground or offer campsites for occupancy within the Commonwealth without first making application for and receiving a valid permit from the Health Commissioner for the operation of said camp.

2.) Any campground for which a permit was not issued during the previous year shall file an application for a permit with the local health department in writing on a form and in a manner prescribed by the Health Commissioner at least 30 days before such camp is to be opened.

3.) If, after receipt of an application to operate a campground, the Health Commissioner finds that the campground is not in compliance with the provisions of this regulation, he shall notify the applicant in writing citing the noncomplying items that constitute his reason for denying the permit.

4.) A permit may be revoked by the Health Commissioner, or his authorized agent, if he finds that the camp for which the permit was issued is operated, maintained, or occupied in violation of this chapter, or any law, ordinance or regulation applicable to such establishments, or in violation of the conditions stated in the permit.

5.) The permit shall be conspicuously posted in the office of the camp or on the premises if no office is available.

6.) The permit shall not be transferable and shall expire on December 31 of each year, unless stated otherwise in special permits such as temporary permits that may be granted by the Health Commissioner to allow a reasonable time to conform to the requirements of this chapter, or to correct existing violations.

12 VAC 5-450-50 - Inspection of camping places

1.) The Health Commissioner is hereby authorized and directed to make such inspections as are necessary to determine satisfactory compliance with this chapter.

2.) It shall be the duty of the operator or occupant(s) of a campground to give the Health Commissioner free access to such premises at reasonable times for the purpose of inspection.

3.) A register shall be kept indicating name and address of the camper, the date of the campsite occupancy, and the number of the campsite occupied. Such register shall be made available to the Health Commissioner, upon request, during his inspection of the campground.

12 VAC 5-450-60 - Enforcement, notices, and hearings

1.) Whenever the Health Commissioner finds violations of this chapter, an inspection report shall be filled out and left with the person in charge of the campground. Such inspection report shall be legible, contain written notation of the violation and remedial action to be taken to effect compliance with this chapter.

2.) If, after a reasonable time has elapsed for the correction of noted items, the violation is found to continue to exist, a formal notice shall be issued which;

  • (i) includes a written statement of the reasons for its issuance;
  • (ii) sets forth a time for the performance of the corrections;
  • (iii) is served upon the operator or his agent; Provided: that such notice shall be deemed to have been properly served upon such operator or agent when a copy has been sent by certified mail to his last known address; or when he has been served with such notice by any other method authorized or required by the laws of this Commonwealth;
  • (iv) contains an outline of remedial action which, if taken will effect compliance with the provisions of this chapter;
  • (v) informs the person to whom the notice is directed of his right to a hearing and of his responsibility to request the hearing and to whom the request should be made.

3.) Periods of time allowed to elapse between notation of the violation on the inspection report and issuance of a formal notice, and time allowed in formal notice for performance of correction shall depend upon the nature and seriousness of the violation, but shall generally not exceed 30 days.

4.) Whenever the Health Commissioner finds that an emergency exists which requires immediate action to protect the public health, he may, without notice or hearing, issue an order reciting the existence of such an emergency and requiring that such action be taken as he may deem necessary to meet the emergency including the suspension of the permit. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this chapter, such order shall be effective immediately. Any person to whom such an order is directed shall comply therewith immediately, by upon petition to the Health Commissioner, shall be afforded a hearing as soon as possible.

5.) Any person affected by any notice which has been issued in connection with the enforcement of any provision of this chapter may request and shall be granted a hearing in accordance with the provisions of Title 9, Chapter 1.1:1 of the Administrative Process Act.

6.) If a request for a hearing is not made within 10 days after the receipt of a formal notice of violation of this chapter, or correction of the violation has not taken place within the prescribed time, the permit may be revoked and the continued operation of the campground shall be considered unlawful.

7.) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as preventing the Health Commissioner from making efforts to obtain voluntary compliance through warning, conference or any other appropriate means.

12 VAC 5-450-70 - Location

1.) Each campground shall be located on ground which has good surface drainage and which is free of natural and man-made hazards such as mine pits, shafts and quarries. Camps shall not be located on ground which is in or adjacent to swamps, marshes, landfills or abandoned landfills, or breeding places for insects or rodents of public health importance unless adequate, approved safeguards or preventive measures are taken.

2.) The density of campsites in a campground shall not exceed an average of 20 campsites per acre inclusive of service roads, toilet buildings, recreational areas, etc.

3.) Each campsite (including parking space) shall provide a minimum of 1600 square feet of space and shall not be less than 25 feet at its narrowest point.

4.) Each campsite shall be identified by number and section. Camping units within a campground shall be required to locate within the designated campsites.

12 VAC 5-450-80 - Water supplies

1.) The water supply, storage reservoirs and distribution system shall be approved by the Health Commissioner.

2.) An adequate supply of safe, sanitary, potable water capable of supplying a total capacity of at least 50 gallons per campsite per day if privies are used, and at least 100 gallons per campsite per day if water-flushed toilets are used, shall be provided at one or more easily accessible locations within the camping area. Adequate water storage facilities shall be provided to meet the demands for water during periods of peak use by the campers.

3.) All water storage reservoirs shall be covered, watertight and constructed of impervious material. Overflows and vents of such reservoirs shall be effectively screened. Manholes shall be constructed with over-lapping covers so as to prevent the entrance of contaminating material. Reservoir overflow pipes shall discharge through an acceptable air gap.

4.) All cross connections, between approved and nonapproved water supply systems are prohibited, and the supply shall be protected against the hazards of backflow or back siphonage.

5.) Drinking fountains and water coolers, if provided, shall be of an approved type. Common drinking cups, glasses, or vessels are prohibited.

6.) Unsafe wells or springs in the camp area shall be eliminated or made inaccessible.

7.) All ice provided shall be from an approved source. All ice shall be handled and stored in such a manner as to prevent contamination. Ice-making machines shall be of approved construction.

8.) Portable water tanks or watering stations shall not be approved, except in emergencies, and then such tanks, stations and dispensing shall be approved by the Health Commissioner.

9.) The area surrounding a pump or hydrant used for a water supply shall be maintained in a properly drained and sanitary condition, to prevent the accumulation of standing water or the creation of muddy conditions.

10.) The connection for potable water piped to individual campsites shall be so installed that it will not be damaged by the parking of camping vehicles.

11.) If installed above the ground; the riser shall terminate at least four inches above the ground surface. If installed in a pit, the riser shall terminate at least 12 inches above the floor of the pit, and the pit shall be drained to prevent it from containing standing water. The drain for the pit shall not be connected to a sanitary sewerage system.

12.) If a water connection and a sewer connection are provided at individual campsites, the two connections shall be separated by a minimum horizontal distance of five feet.

13.) Adequate provisions shall be made to prevent the freezing of service lines, valves and riser pipes.

12 VAC 5-450-90 - Sewage disposal

1.) Every campground shall be provided with an approved method of collection, conveying and disposing of all sewage and liquid wastes.

2.) Privies shall be an acceptable method of sewage disposal when the location, design, construction, and quantity have been approved by the Health Commissioner provided their use is not prohibited or restricted by local requirements.

3.) All methods or systems of collecting and disposing of sewage and liquid wastes, whether temporary or permanent shall be subject to the approval of the Health Commissioner.

4.) It shall be unlawful to discharge sewage, sink waste water, shower waste water, or other putrescible wastes in such a manner as to enter the ground surface or subsurface, or a body of water except following a treatment device or process approved prior to construction by the Health Commissioner.

5.) A sanitary or dump station for the disposal of sewage and other liquid wastes from self-contained camping units shall be provided which complies with the following requirements:

a.) Campgrounds having less than 200 campsites shall provide a minimum of one sanitary station.

b.) Campgrounds having more than 200 campsites shall provide an additional sanitary station for each additional 200 campsites or major fraction thereof, provided that campsites equipped with sewer connections shall not be included in the total.

c.) Where two or more sanitary stations are required they shall be so located as to facilitate the simultaneous discharge of sewage wastes from different units.

d.) Each sanitary station shall be so located and designed as to be easily accessible and facilitate ingress and egress for camping vehicles.

6.) The sanitary station shall consist of the following:

a.) A four-inch sewer pipe trapped below the frost line connected to an approved sewage disposal system.

b.) The sewer pipe, at the inlet, shall be surrounded by a reinforced, concrete apron sloped to drain to the sewer pipe.

c.) The minimum dimensions of the concrete apron shall be 36 inches wide, 60 inches long and four inches thick. The sewer pipe shall be located such that the major portion of the apron will project under the camping unit when it is discharging.

d.) The inlet of the sewer pipe shall be provided with a suitable fly-tight cover.

e.) The sanitary station shall be provided with a water outlet to permit wash down of the immediate area after each use and so arranged as to prevent a cross-connection or back siphonage.

f.) Each water outlet used for such purposes shall display a sign stating, in effect, "Notice: Unsafe Water Outlet-This water for wash-down purposes only."

7.) Individual sewer connections for camping vehicles, if provided, shall be installed in accordance with the following provisions:

a.) The individual sewer (equivalent to the building sewer for a permanent building), shall be at least four inches in diameter, shall be trapped below the frost line, and shall be laid at depths sufficient to provide adequate protection against physical injury.

b.) The sewer inlet shall consist of four inch riser extending, at a minimum four inches above the surface of the surrounding ground to accommodate a hose connection from the camping vehicle, or so designed as to divert surface drainage away from the riser. The riser shall be imbedded firmly in the ground and be protected against heaving and shifting.

c.) The sewer riser shall be equipped with a standard ferrule and close nipple provided with a tight cap or expanding sewer plug. The screw cap or sewer plug shall be fastened by a durable chain to prevent removal while the sewer riser is in use. When the sewer riser is not in use, it shall be capped or plugged.

d.) The sewer hose between the camping vehicle drain and the sewer riser shall be watertight, and shall be of flexible, noncollapsible, corrosion and weather-resistant material of suitable diameter to fit the camping vehicle drain. Its lower end shall be secured into the open sewer riser with a gasket of rubber or other suitable material. All joints shall be effected so as to prevent the leakage of sewage, odor or prevent the entrance of rodents.

12 VAC 5-450-100 - Service buildings

1.) Each campground shall be provided with one or more service buildings, which contain an adequate number of toilet and sanitary facilities. The minimum ratio of sanitary facilities to the number of campsites shall be provided according to the following schedule:

 

Number Sites

Toilets

Urinals

Lavatories

Showers*

Other Fixtures

Male

Female

Male

Male

Female

Male

Female

0-15

1

1

0

1

1

1

1

1 slop drain

16-30

2

2

0

2

2

1

1

 

 

 

See

Subsection F

of this

section

31-45

2

3

1

3

3

1

1

46-60

3

4

1

3

3

2

2

61-75

4

5

1

4

4

2

2

76-90

4

6

2

4

4

2

2

91-105

5

7

2

4

4

3

3

106-120

6

8

2

5

5

3

3

121-135

6

9

3

5

5

3

3

136-150

7

10

3

5

5

4

4

* The providing of showers in the service building(s) is optional on the part of the campground owner, but when they are provided the schedule will apply.

2.) For campgrounds having more than 150 campsites located, in the opinion of the Health Commissioner, contiguously to the service building or buildings required by the schedule in subsection A, there shall be provided one toilet seat and one lavatory for each sex for each additional 30 campsites, and one additional shower for each additional 40 campsites and one additional men's urinal for each 100 campsites. When a section or sections of a campground are found to be incontiguous, the Health Commissioner may apply the schedule in subsection A above in determining the adequacy of the fixtures for such section. Whenever the number of campsites fall in between the numbers listed above, the larger number of required fixtures shall apply when a major fraction of the difference in the two numbers is attained.

3.) Primitive camps shall be exempted from the provisions for lavatories and showers. If, however, any showers are provided at a campground designated as a primitive camp, the schedule in subsections A and B shall apply.

4.) Where urinal troughs are used, two feet of urinal trough shall constitute one urinal.

5.) Exemptions. Any person desiring to furnish temporary facilities for accommodating a travel trailer rally, or other group of camping units assembled for the purpose of traveling together, shall make application for such activity to the Health Commissioner through the local health department having jurisdiction, 15 days in advance of the intended date of use. The requirements for a service building may be waived by the Health Commissioner on the determination that public health will not be endangered; but the location of the site, the facilities which must be provided, and the method of conducting such rally shall be acceptable to the Health Commissioner before a special permit shall be issued specifying the location of the site, the period of operation not to exceed seven days, and any conditions of issuance.

6.) A slop sink or suitable drain shall be provided within 500 feet of all campsites for the disposal of liquid wastes unless a sanitary station is accessible for this purpose. Adequate provision shall be made by the operator of a campground to assure that the slop sink or other suitable drain, if necessary, is kept in a sanitary condition and is used for the purpose for which it was intended such as the disposal of dish water and wash water.

7.) Lavatories shall be provided adjacent to the toilet fixtures.

8.) When a campground is operated in connection with a resort or other business establishment, the total number of sanitary facilities shall be in excess of those required by the aforementioned schedules and shall be based on the total number of persons using such facilities.

9.) Service buildings shall be located no farther than 500 feet from any campsite served by such building, nor closer than 30 feet to any campsite. When two or more service buildings exist, the ratio of fixtures as specified in subsections A and B shall be in approximate relation to the number of campsites located within a 500-foot radius of each building.

10.) All service buildings and the commodes, urinals, lavatories, shower and other appurtenances located therein shall be maintained in a state of good repair and shall be kept in a clean and sanitary condition at all times.

11.) All doors to the exterior from service buildings shall be self-closing.

12.) Toilet rooms, shower rooms and other areas receiving heavy camper use shall not be used for miscellaneous storage during operation of the camp.

13.) Toilet tissue shall be provided at each privy or toilet seat.

14.) Shower compartments, whether individual type with partitions or group type without partitions, shall have not less than 1,024 square inches in floor area and, if rectangular, square or triangular in plan, shall be not less than 30 inches in shortest dimension.

15.) In a campground where there is a combination of campsites, part of which are provided with a water connection and a sewer outlet, the minimum number of fixtures as required in subsections A and B above may be adjusted by the Health Commissioner based on individual conditions provided any request for an adjustment complies with 12 VAC 5-450-190.

12 VAC 5-450-110 - Structural requirements for service buildings

1.) All portions of the structure shall be properly protected from damage by ordinary use and by decay and corrosion. Exterior portions shall be of such material and be so constructed and protected as to prevent entrance or penetration of moisture and weather.

2.) Effective ventilation of all service buildings shall be provided to prevent condensation, moisture and odors.

3.) Interior of service buildings shall be finished in a light color and provided with adequate natural or artificial illumination, or both.

4.) The floors of toilet and shower rooms shall be sloped to a properly trapped floor drain connected to the sewerage system.

5.) Partitions between flush toilets in the same room shall be raised a minimum of eight inches from the floor to permit easy cleaning.

6.) The interior finish of such buildings shall be of moisture resistant and easily cleanable material, which will withstand frequent washing and cleaning. Special attention shall be given wall finishes immediately around lavatories, urinals, and commodes and in showers to insure a surface in these heavily used areas, which will withstand commercial use.

7.) The floors shall be constructed of material impervious to water and be of easily cleanable material. Duck boards or walkways made of wood or other absorptive material shall not be permitted.

8.) All windows and openings to the outside from areas containing commodes and urinals shall be provided with fly-proof screening material of at least 16 mesh per inch.

9.) Water closets and bathing facilities shall not be located in the same compartment.

10.) Permanent service buildings shall be provided with an artificial light at the entrance to the building to facilitate its use at night: Provided, that primitive camps with privies may be exempted from this requirement.

11.) Service buildings shall have appropriate signs to denote its use such as "Men's Toilet," "Women's Toilet," "Showers," etc.

12.) Showers shall be equipped with a drain or drains, which will prevent the shower water from running across floors that, are used for other purposes.

13.) All fixtures shall be of durable material, which will be capable of withstanding the heavy usage which public facilities receive.

12 VAC 5-450-120 - Garbage and refuse disposal

1.) All garbage and refuse shall be stored in durable, watertight, rodent-proof, fly-proof containers with tight-fitting covers. All containers shall be maintained in a state of good repair, and shall be kept clean.

2.) Collection and disposal of garbage and refuse shall be in an approved manner, and of such frequency as to prevent a nuisance or health hazard to campers or adjacent areas.

3.) An adequate number of containers shall be provided for the depositing of garbage and refuse.

4.) Containers for garbage and refuse shall be supported in such a manner as to minimize tipping or spillage and the area around such containers shall be kept clean.

12 VAC 5-450-130 - Insect, rodent and weed control

1.) Camping places shall be kept free from cans, jars, buckets, old tires and other articles which may hold water and provide temporary breeding places for mosquitoes. Mosquito control measures and supplemental larvicidal measures shall be undertaken by the owner when the need is indicated.

2.) Fly breeding shall be controlled by eliminating the insanitary practices, which provide breeding, places. The area surrounding the garbage cans shall not be permitted to become littered with garbage nor saturated with waste liquid from garbage.

3.) The growth of weeds, grass, poison ivy or other noxious plants shall be controlled as a safety measure and as a means toward the elimination of ticks and chiggers. Pesticidal measures shall be applied, if necessary provided the pesticide and its use is in accordance with the rules promulgated by the Pesticide Control Board.

4.) The campsite and the premises shall be maintained in a clean and orderly manner.

12 VAC 5-450-140 - Swimming pools and outdoor bathing facilities

The construction, modification, maintenance, operation and use of any swimming pool at a campground, if provided, shall be subject to the State Board of Health regulations adopted under §§ 35.1-17 of the Code of Virginia.

12 VAC 5-450-150 - Safety

1.) The electrical installation and electrical hook-up provided travel trailers, and other similar units shall be in accordance with the provisions of local electrical ordinances, or if no such ordinance exists, in accordance with the provisions of the National Electrical Code, applicable at the time of installation.

2.) Adequate precautions shall be exercised by the operator to prevent the outbreak of fires. If open fires are permitted, there shall be a definite area provided within the bounds of each campsite for the building of fires by the camper, with a cleared area surrounding the firesite to aid in fire control.

3.) Adequate precautions shall be taken by the operator in the storage and handling of gasoline, gas cylinders or other explosive materials, in accordance with local, state and national safety standards.

4.) The operator shall make adequate provisions for the use and control of mini-bikes, trail bikes and other similar vehicles within the confines of the camping area to prevent accidents to small children and campers.

5.) Broken bottles, glass and other sharp objects shall not be allowed to create a hazard to children or others.

12 VAC 5-450-160 - Storage and handling of liquified petroleum gases

Filling plants may be located in the campground provided that the entire operation, including the storage container, is located not less than 50 feet from the nearest campsite; important buildings, or group of buildings, or line of adjoining property which may be built upon, and not less than 25 feet from any public street or highway. Such filling plant and storage containers shall be enclosed by man-proof fencing or otherwise protected from tampering or physical damage. The access to the enclosed area shall be kept locked when unattended.

12 VAC 5-450-170 - Control of animals and pets

1.) Every pet permitted in a campground shall be maintained under control at all times and not be permitted to create a public health problem. Dogs shall be kept on leash at all times. Dung shall be removed immediately and be buried in a location, which will not interfere with the site for camping purposes.

2.) Any kennels, pens or other facilities provided for such pets shall be maintained in a sanitary condition at all times.

12 VAC 5-450-180 - Overflow areas

1.) It shall be unlawful for any person operating a campground to exceed the design capacity of the campground as stated on the health permit by the use of certain unequipped areas as an overflow area for campers, camping clubs or rallies unless and until the overflow area and its proposed use have been approved by the Health Commissioner in writing as to the specific location of the overflow area, number and location of sanitary facilities, size and number of campsites and such other factors as may be deemed necessary to prevent overcrowding and the accompanying insanitary conditions.

2.) The length of stay of any camping unit permitted to use an area specifically designated and approved as an overflow area shall be limited to a 12 hour period.

12 VAC 5-450-190 - Waiver

1.) One or more of the provisions in the above regulation may be waived in whole or in part when, in the opinion of the Health Commissioner, there are factors or circumstances which render compliance with such provision(s) unnecessary; provided, that such provision(s) shall be specifically exempt in writing by the Health Commissioner.

2.) It shall be the duty of the campground operator to file a written request for such waiver in which the reasons for noncompliance of a certain provision(s) are stated fully. If data, test or other adequate information is necessary to the rendering of a decision by the Health Commissioner, it shall be the responsibility of the applicant to provide such evidence.

12 VAC 5-450-200 - Penalties

Any person who violates any provision of this chapter shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not less than $10 nor more than $100; and each day's failure of compliance with any provision shall constitute a separate violation.

12 VAC 5-450-210 - Constitutionality

If any provision of any section of this chapter is declared unconstitutional, or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity and constitutionality of the remainder of such regulations shall not be affected thereby.

12 VAC 5-450-220 - [Reserved Section]

12 VAC 5-450-230 - Exemptions

Whenever it is found that existing facilities provided at a campground prior to the effective date of this chapter such as the size of campsites and design of structures are in noncompliance, and that the required changes would work an undue hardship on the operator and not materially affect the public health or safety, such major items shall be exempted from this chapter. Other nonconforming items at existing campgrounds such as dump station requirements and number of sanitary facilities may continue in use for a reasonable period of time not to exceed two years from the effective date, provided that a diligent effort is made by the owner to effect compliance. All new campgrounds, sections added to existing campgrounds and additions and extensions within existing campgrounds shall be subject to the provisions of this chapter.


Last Updated: 07-30-2011

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